Traditional identity providers (IdPs) are necessary for Single Sign-On (SSO), and federations that give employees and customers access to tools ranging from customized apps to cloud-based services. They are good at doing these things on their own, but there are trade-offs that need to be taken into consideration. Outlined here are a few of them.
Higher The Convenience, Greater The Risk
By creating a single identity that can be replicated through several networks, IdPs create a particular collection of security problems that are magnified should the user be compromised by an attacker. Instead of only a single device, they now have access to all federated services tied to the victim’s credentials.
Most traditional IdP vendors usually provide simple multi-factor authentication (MFA) as add-ons that complement their products. Many businesses now realize that these quick solutions such as text-based one-time passcodes (OTPs) and mobile push are not as safe or easy as they hoped. The latest biometric technology may also be susceptible if device registration and authenticator failure policies are not correctly built.
Improved Convenience Leads To Reduced Agility
Most of the core technologies of conventional and even modern cloud-based IdPs have not been designed to respond quickly to new business demands and changes in the threat landscape. Integration capabilities are limited to the variety of third-party services offered by the alliance members. Almost every business in its identity stack runs into a supplier that is not sponsored and needs time-consuming and costly workarounds. In addition, custom apps will include the deployment and maintenance of several SDKs within their code. This may not seem terribly complex at first, but like every application, it adds up and makes future changes difficult, resource-intensive, and vulnerable to mistakes that can lead to security gaps.
Restricted Threat Identification And Mitigation
Most IdP systems only have basic threat detection tools such as application features and location services that provide a quick snapshot into what a user is doing at the time of authentication or what version of software a device is running. None is intended to provide real recognition of behavioral risks based on past user trends that can detect anomalies and then respond to prevent them before they harm the business or the client.
An identity orchestration platform can be enabled through seamless integration into any identity-related service, including IdP solutions such as Okta, Azure Active Directory, Ping Federate, AWS, and Google. With other authentication mechanisms, fraud detection services, and access controls, these systems are combined into a single device, treating them as one under a single glass pane. Enhancements to authentication systems, other identity programs, and complex policies can be rendered easily and implemented across the organization without touching the application code.
The newest data protection and analytics solutions use stored user and system profile histories to compare user habits in order to detect anomalies in real-time. To defend against attacks, they then initiate automated responses. With actionable insights, they provide granular visibility and control over user activity and empower businesses. Coupled with integration, this gives companies the agility they need when defending against threats that target vulnerabilities that SSO and federation intensify.